Why in the news?
- The weakness in India's exports will probably sustain because global growth is likely to remain weak.
Condition of Indian Exports
- India’s exports contracted by 16.7% (year-on-year or y-o-y) in October. In other words, India exported almost 17% less in October this year as compared to what it did in October 2021. To be precise, India exported goods valued at $29.78 billion in October as against exports of $35.73 billion in October 2021. In the three months leading up to October, India’s exports grew by 8.4% (July), 10.4% (August) and 4.6% (September).
- Broadly speaking, the fall in exports in October is a reflection of weaker global demand. The global economic growth is decelerating sharply in the wake of persistently high inflation across developed countries and, as a result, as sharp tightening of monetary policy (read higher interest rates) by almost all central banks.
- With growth contraction across the board — UK and US are set to see recession while the euro area is likely to stall even as China struggles to grow — the demand for Indian goods has plummeted. That is why exports have contracted.
- Oil export growth fell to -11.4% y-o-y from 43.0% in September, partly reflecting lower global crude oil prices, while non-oil exports plunged -16.9% y-o-y, with the decline broad-based across iron ore, handicrafts, textiles, some agricultural goods, plastics, gems & jewellery, engineering goods, chemicals, pharmaceuticals and leather goods.